Anatomical Changes Following Childbirth

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After delivery of the baby there are again many changes that the body will undergo, in terms of the appearance as well as the physiological functioning of it. One of the most important changes that occur is the changes to the breast and the fact that you can start breastfeeding your baby. In order to understand this process you need to first have a good understanding of all then structures that make up your breast. You have something called the suspensory ligaments which attach the breast to the pectoralis major muscle which lies on the chest wall. laser urinary incontinence treatments

After delivery these might become lax very similar to the pelvic muscles which can require you to undergo vaginal tightening Melbourne. Breast tissue consist of both fat and mammary glands that produce milk. The mammary glands are line by myoepithelial cell that get stimulated by oxytocin and bring about ejection of milk. The mammary glands open up into lactiferous ducts which in turn open up to the outside through the nipple pores. On the areolar you also get modified sebaceous glands called the Montgomery tubercles which secrete lipoid fluid which has a distinct smell that lets the baby know that milk is flowing and acts as a target.

Next we must understand what is this whole process of breast feeding because for most mothers they find the technique difficult to grasp especially when they are dealing with other stressors like urinary incontinence treatments Melbourne post-delivery. Baby starts sucking and the mechano receptors on the nipple and areolar are stimulated. Signals are sent to the hypothalamus. Which in turn sends both start and stop signals to the pituitary gland. Start signals to the posterior pituitary to initiate secretion of Oxytocin. Stop signals to the anterior pituitary to inhibit the synthesis of Prolactin inhibitory factor (dopamine) which will increase the synthesis of prolactin and increase milk production.

Types of milk:

Colostrum is the initial milk that is secreted for 1-2 days after birth. It is yellowish and gooey as it has a high specific gravity. It is alkaline.it has a high protein content because of the presence of the mother’s antibodies. There is also a high content of sodium, chloride and vitamin A in this milk. It has low carbohydrates, fats and potassium. Transition mil is secreted after 2 days till about 1-2 weeks. It is a mixture of colostrum and mature milk. It has a high lipid, lactose, protein and vitamin content. Helps steady growth. Mature milk has 2 components – the fore milk and hind milk. Fore milk is watery, has a high lactose content, low fat content and helps to quench the thirst of the baby. Hind milk is thicker, has a high fat content, low lactose content and helps to satisfy the hunger of the baby.

Involutional milk is secreted when the baby is about 4 months old. It prepare the baby for weaning. It has a low lactose content therefore the quality and taste is low which makes the child avid it. But it has a high antibody content in order to prepare the baby for complementary feeding.


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